Get creative with Nisi

Get creative with movement
and take your landscape images
to the next level!

Being able to capture time or movement in our images gives us the photographer total control of our creativity.  Being able to capture this and control light allows us to turn a good photo into a great one!  Some common examples of movement we can capture include smoothing or softening of water, emphasizing water flow, smoothing or softening of clouds, creating cloud movement and removing moving objects.

We will take you through some of the ways to capture movement, so join us and follow along to find out more.

Capture water flow with a shutter speed of 0.25 secs to 0.5 sec
The ND8 is quite possibly the perfect filter for capturing water flow and motion while maintaining dramatic texture! The 3 stop light reduction will slow the shutter speed down just enough to show a sense of movement in lower light situations like just on sunrise or sunset. Shutter speeds of 0.25secs to 0.5secs will generally help to maintain texture in faster-moving water. Slower shutter speeds of 1 second – 2 seconds will suit slower moving water. A good tip to remember is water that is receding tends to flow out at half the speed of incoming water, and extra impact can be created by using this reverse movement in your images. 
Smoothing moving water with a shutter speed of 30 sec to 2 min
When shooting in lower light situations like sunrise and sunset, an ND64 will allow for long exposures times to create silky smooth water and soft clouds for images portraying a longer sense of time passing. It is not uncommon to have exposure times in the range of 0.5 second – 3 seconds and even longer without using filters at sunrise and sunset. The 6 stop reduction of light that an ND64 gives can slow shutter speeds down to 30 seconds – 2 minutes in situations like this! In brighter light like in the example image above, an ND64 will smooth the water just enough for the silky smooth effect while adding a softer texture to slower-moving cloud.
Creating the dreamy long exposure look with a shutter speed of
30 sec to 5 mins

When you are shooting the ocean, waterfalls, rivers, streams or other flowing water, the silky smooth effect that a 10 stop ND filter can help you achieve when shooting during the day will help you make your water look dreamy and surreal, and add a sense of time passing into the scenes. The longer your exposure times and the slower your shutter speeds, the smoother the water will be. Aiming for a shutter speed of at least 30 seconds will generally create the silky, smooth water effect that long exposure seascape images are known for. In the example image, the side with the 10 stop filter being used was shot at 250 second exposure and this has given both the water and the clouds the dreamy, smooth look. The longer the shutter speed the more dramatic your images will appear. Stability is key when using a ND1000 filter so ensure you have a stable tripod to mount your camera on.

Capture cloud movement during the day with a shutter speed of
3 mins to 10 mins

The middle of the day is often seen as unsuitable for shooting long exposure landscape images due to the bright, harsh and often contrasty light and shadows that are produced when the sun is higher in the sky. By using a 15 stop ND filter you can introduce movement and softness into otherwise harsh lighting conditions that are common throughout the brighter daylight conditions. Cloud movement can be captured across a longer period of time. Water can be smoothed creating a dreamy, artistic effect in your images. By using an ND32000 filter exposures times in the range of 3 minutes – 10 minutes can easily be achieved during the day. The example image above was captured with a 4 minute exposure time, stretching the moving clouds out for maximum dramatic effect and “removing” people and other moving, non-permanent objects and elements from the scene.
Capture more detail in difficult lighting conditions More often than not there is a big difference in the settings required to shoot a foreground when compared to the brighter sky – the foreground will require a longer exposure time due to a reduced amount of light when compared to the sky. To capture the scene in a single exposure a graduated neutral density filter will help to balance the brighter part of the scene with the foreground by darkening the brighter light and improving contrast. In the example image, a 3 stop medium graduated neutral density was used to ensure the detail in the cloud was maintained while exposing correctly for the darker foreground. Graduated ND filters can be rotated and slid up and down for alignment in a filter holder such as the V6 for situations where the horizon line is not straight as in the example image, and also when there is brighter light coming from either side of a scene.
To find out more and get creative with movement and time,
ask us about NiSi.

John Armytage Photography is now a Authorised reseller of Nisi Filters Australia
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